A child born in America or Europe can expect to live in a household making the equivalent of at least US$31,000. For a child born in Mexico or Peru, the figure is less than US$6,000. In Africa south of the Sahara, the average income per person equals only about US$760.
The problems of inequality are complex. Of all the things that could change the fate of children in poorer nations, however, one stands out: education. In America and Europe, nearly 90% of children at least finish secondary school. In Mexico, only 37% do, and in most of Latin America and Africa, nations do not even bother to track this number, focusing instead on boosting the number of children finishing elementary or primary school.
In rich and poor nations, the better educated you are, the more you earn and the higher will be the standard of living you can give to your own children. A technical school graduate in Singapore, for example, earns 3.7 times more than a graduate of secondary school, and someone with a university diploma out-earns that high school graduate by 5.5 times. Improving education is a matter of money, culture and commitment. But increasingly, it is also about technology. America and Europe are part of the Connected World, where schools are making the Internet a core part of classroom education and homework. Mexico, Peru and much of sub-Saharan Africa are in the Unconnected World. It is where the majority of the world’s citizens still live, and getting Internet into most schools there is a distant dream.
That dream, however, is coming true in more and more places thanks to the hard work of governments, not-for-profits and companies – and to satellite technology.
Bits and Bytes from the Sky
The world’s biggest satellite networking companies, Hughes Network Systems and Gilat, have connected thousands of schools as part of government-funded programs over the past few years. But much smaller companies are delivering the goods as well. One of them is NewCom International, based in Miami, which has a track record of working with nonprofit organizations to bring the Internet to remote and rural schools in Latin America.
The village of Qocha Moqo is one such place. It is located in the Andes Mountains of Peru 16,000 feet above sea level. Newcom donated a year’s worth of satellite Internet access to a village school, and partnered with two nonprofits to install the equipment and train people to use it. Willka Yachay is a Peru-based nonprofit that is dedicated to helping indigenous communities thrive in the modern world without sacrificing their cultural traditions. The other nonprofit, Kidnected World, provides online creative tools to connect young people around the planet.
According to Hanna Rae Porst, Willka Yachay’s director, “Internet connectivity, powered by solar energy, has been life-changing for everyone involved. Thanks to the Internet and Kidnected’s creative tools, students have been able to connect with other students and indigenous tribes around the world, and share their cultural knowledge and ways of life. After school, the computers are open to all of the forty families that make up the village.”
The impact on teachers has been equally profound. “Our teachers come from as far away as 22 hours of travel,” says Porst, “and they live and teach in the remote villages for three weeks straight. There is no telephone signal in Qocha Moqo, but now for the first time, our teachers can communicate with their families while they are here.”
Entrepreneurs for Education
The city of Puebla in southern Mexico is world’s away from the village of Qocha Moqo. Home to 1.4 million people, it is the capital of a rural state with an economy that mixes the manufacturing of machinery and equipment, automobiles and furniture with agricultural production of eggs, coffee, beer and beans.
But two-thirds of public schools in Mexico still lack Internet access, and many of Puebla’s rural schools are among them. Fortunately, a Mexican nonprofit, Entrepreneurs for Technology in Education (UNETE), is doing something about it. For a Puebla school, UNETE provided computers and a Wi-Fi network, and Newcom contributed the satellite connectivity and systems that put 90 students and teachers online for the first time. Over the past 16 years, UNETE has made it possible for 2.3 million students to access modern technology in Mexican schools, and the two organizations hope to duplicate the Puebla model at hundreds of schools throughout rural Mexico.
There are an estimated 3 billion Internet users in the Connected World. Another 6 billion additional devices now connect to the Web, forming the leading edge of the fast-growing Internet of Things that Ericsson predicts will total 26 billion by 2020. More than 4 billion people, however, still live in the Unconnected World. Thanks to satellite, the next generation living there will have greater opportunities than any generation that came before them.
Sources: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Household Accounts (https://data.oecd.org/hha/household-disposable-income.htm). “Standing Still but Going Backwards,” The Economist, January 21, 2014. “The Connection Between Education, Income Inequality and Unemployment,” The Huffington Post, November 2, 2011. Newcom International. “Mexico Commits US$139m for Schools Without Internet, Electricity,” by Bronson Pettit, BN Americas, July 23, 2014. UNETE.org. Global Internet Report 2014, The Internet Society. “How Many Things Are Currently Connected to the Internet of Things?” by Rod Soderbery, Forbes, January 7, 2013. “Connected Devices to Reach 26 Billion by 2020,” TelecomPaper.com, June 3, 2015.